• Quick Installation Guide
  • Step by Step
  • Admin User Guide
01. Introduction
  • Presence of the Machine
02. Hardware Requirement
03. Acquire the Software
04. System Configuration
05. Recover System via RAID
06. FAQ

The Presence of the Running Machine on the Internet

Everything has a start, and has an end.

Deploying a server over the Internet is different from setting up a local server without being revealed to outside people. For a server to be unknown on the Internet by fully-qualified hostname, it requires some registration processes. Furthermore, since the server is known to the public, some security measures should have been taken to avoid the abuse of the server.

This package includes basic elements for network operation, for example, DNS, FTP, firewall, backup storage server, VPN (Virtual Private Network) and Email .

We start from the introduction on Domain name registration with the following diagram:

1. Purchase domain name from the “vendor for domain name registration”

The “Domain Name Registration Vendor” usually will provide a Web interface for you to query your desired domain name. You may find some of the domain names you like have been acquired by other people. It is necessary for you need to find a domain name that is not being occupied. And then make the purchase of the domain name from the “Domain Name Registration Vendor” to complete this step.

2. Purchase Internet bandwidth and obtain “static” IP addresses from your local ISP (internet service provider).

Usually, the ISP will give you a set of IP addresses that may include a list of public IP addresses, the netmask, and the default Gateway. This IP information will be used when you install the software and configure your server. You shall keep the information in a safe place once you obtain that from your ISP.

3. Find a legitimate “DNS host provider”

It is to host your domain name (which you get from step 2) and the associated static IP address (which you get from step 3) record so that everybody on Internet can use your domain name to reach your server. Usually, the “DNS host provider” will provide a Web interface to allow you to input your domain name and the mapped IP address record into their hosted server. This step is completed after you have entered the data into the web page.

4. Update the record at the “Domain Name Registration Vendor” server with the IP addresses of the “DNS host provider”.

At this step, you need to access the website provided by “Domain Name Registration Vendor”. If you do not know the DNS server’s IP addresses of your “DNS host provider”, you can do as follows at your Windows command prompt (the command prompt is reached through Start > Run > cmd), issue the command

  C:\>nslookup DNS-server- name-from-your-provider

The system will respond with the IP address of your “DNS host provider”. Usually, you need to find two IP addresses of the two DNS servers provided by “DNS host provider” (one is called primary DNS host server, the other is secondary DNS host server). The two IP addresses will be entered into the record in the place of “Domain Name Registration Vendor”. We suggest using primary DNS server and secondary server from different places. The Azblink server package also provides DNS server. But to allow people all over the world can query your domain, you should have your domain name placed in different DNS servers to alleviate the load.

5. Wait until it is in effect.

In general, it needs 24 hours to 72 hours to have your domain name record of the server populated across the world so that people can use domain name to access your server.
Those are the general steps as long as you want to have your own private server(s) on Internet.


Basic Web Setting

After the system installation be finished, take the CD out, reboot the machine, and then start the basic network setting for the system.

There are two modes to configure the host, one is console mode on the local host, and the other is Web interface mode on Client. You can choose the one you like or just by the network environment of that time.

Console Mode --- configure on local host

A. Input account and password to login into console configuration interface.


B. You will see 7 options after login in

 1. IP Address:
 2. Netmask:
 3. Default Gateway:
 4. Save and Reboot
 5. Reset to CD setting (DHCP) and Reboot
 6. View Current Active Values
 7. Exit without Saveing Changes

C. Is there any fixed ip ready for configuration?

  Yes, type fixed IP address, Netmask and Default Gateway into option 1.2.3. severally. You can use up
  and down arrow to choose the option who needs edit, and then press enter to configure. After option 1.2.3
  be correctly configured, you can use option 4 to save these changes and reboot the machine. (If you have
  no idea about the Netmask and Default Gateway, you can just refer to the Completion List provided by your

  No, if there is a DHCP server providing the IP assignment services in your network, you can just use option6
  to check the IP address assigned by the system. After checking eth0, please write down the IP address, and
  remember to use option 7 to quit the Console interface.

D. By the IP address you set or the one obtained from DHCP, you can view the configuration page of the
   system host via Web browser on remote Client.

※ DHCP server exists in your network, but if you find eth0 shown as IP when you check current system value, please check if your network cables plug into wrong place (eh0 and eth1 may been exchanged), or if there are some problems on other equipments. (Refer to Q&A in the manual)

Web interface Mode --- configure at sub-network

A. Is the host, which you installed system on, connected by other hosts?

  Yes, please confirm the host is the only DHCP sever (that is to say the network should not have other
  DHCP servers, e.g. IP distributor), and then start from C.

  No, please complete basic network configuration according to B’s instruction.

B. A network cable makes host’s eth1 port and the Hub connected. And use another cable to connect to
  Hub, let the other end of this cable link to a common Client computer.

C. Choose one Client computer from the sub-network which connected to the system host.

D. Open command prompt on the Client (suppose it’s a Windows machine), type “ipconfig” and then press
 “Enter” button, check whether the Default Gateway is or not?

  Yes, just close the command prompt, enter into next step.

  No, type “ipconfig/release” to release the old IP in your computer, and then type “ipconfig/renew” to get
  new assigned IP.
  (If you are still unable to obtain new IP, please check if the network has other DHCP sever or not, or maybe
  TCP/IP of this Client does not use the mode of “Obtain an IP Address Automatically”.)

E. Open your Browser, and type at the address bar to link. When you visit the page at the
  first time, you will see 4 items;

  Host Name:Please set Host Name for this host.
  Admin Password:Default password is admin123.
  New Admin Password:Please set new password.
  Confirm Password:Please confirm your new password.

F. After you enter into system page, go to System>>Network, choose Internet or PPPoE depending on the

  Choose Internet. At the Internet Interface, mostly, you should set the values for IP address / Netmask /
  Default Gateway and then submit, restart your machine and you will find it already connected to Internet.

  Choose PPPoE. If you use PPPoE, remember to check the checkbox of “Turn on PPPoE”. Fill in the account
  and password provided by ISP and submit, reboot your computer, then you can connect to the network.
  (Please refer to the sections of Configuration and Q&A in Quick Installation Guide if you have any questions.)



The Storage server is designed to let each ordinary user specify the folder(s) to perform data backup. For the admin folk, it is sufficient to do the following setting. Before we get into more details, we just briefly introduce how this Storage and Backup server works. There are two major functions of this Storage and Backup server:

1. It allows each user to put his/her files on this machine

2. Each user can specify the folders on the other machines with proper information so that the Storage and
    Backup server will fetch data from remote hosts with given accounts and passwords at schedule time
    every day ( given by the admin folk via “admin” account ).

Since each user specifies where to backup the data on the remote host(s), he/she will retrieve or extract the associated data from the server by himself/herself without asking for the help from the admin. Each user can just look at extracted history record to find the files or folders he/she wants to restore from server. What the person with “admin” account should do is: specifying the scheduled time for backup process at a given time of every day, and check if the hard disk is full or not.  The following simple screen shots are to serve these purposes for admin folk.

Modify Backup Time

You can specify the time by doing data backup at the given time every day. When the ordinary users specify the folder(s) on the other hosts they would like to have backup, the backup process does not start immediately unless “BACKUP ASAP” button is pressed on user side interface. The backup process will be initiated every day at the time specified here. If data backup needs to perform several times a day, you can just specify all the startup time here.

However, more frequent backup schedule in one day does not give you much benefit since the extraction process of data backup only gives you the snapshot of the data on 0:00 AM at that day when you want to find out your historical data. To perform data backup several times a day probably can catch the time when people turn on their PCs so that the system can have more chances to fetch data from their PCs.

Backup Rules

During the backup process, each user’s tmp directory under his/her home directory in this backup machine ( /home/userId/tmp ) will be deleted if you specify here. And under any circumstance,  data under that “tmp” directory of each user in this backup machine will not be stored by backup process. Another reason to do that is because the extraction process will restore the historical data in that directory.  Thus, it is advised that try not to use that directory to do something else.

In general, incremental backup will be performed every day; the whole data backup will be performed during weekend. Thus, you can specify how many “whole backups” ( along with the incremental backups ) you would like to keep ( in units of week ) in the backup server.

Please note: for data under “/home”, the backup process will keep those daily incremental backup and whole backup under “/backup0”; and for data automatically fetched from other hosts, “/backup” will be used to store them. Thus, if you wan to use bigger hard drive(s), you can mount the bigger hard drives to the directories mentioned above via console’s command line interface to adjust that.

Modify Threshold Mail Alert

If backup data usage is over specific percentage of the hard disk capacity, the server will send out alerts. Percentage can be specified in the “Backup Rules” and the mail list can be specified here. The system will send out emails to those people listed in the mail list when the disk usage is over the percentage specified here.   To send out emails successfully, you shall consider to use “Mail Relay” if this server is not a mail server.

If this machine is not served as mail server, you have to use “Mail Relay” method to send out emails so that the email might not be rejected by other mail servers.  If it is a legitimate mail server by itself, you do not need to set up mail relay for sending out mail alert.

Directory in the Backup Host

In general, on a Backup host, it may have one, two or above number of hard disk drives. Based on the number of hard disk drives, they will be arranged for the following purposes:
When the backup host only has one hard disk drive, on the “\” root directory, there will be configured with two directories called Backup and Backup0.  For the Backup directory, it will be used for storing the data which are fetched from other hosts. For Backup0, it will be used for storing the data of the user’s directory (directory name is the same as user account name) resided in the \Home directory of this backup host.

For example, if a host with an user account called “Alan”, in this host, there will be a directory called \Home\Alan. Other users will have their own directory name as their account name. With this design, Backup0 will contain all the users’ data backup.

By further applying this approach, user can use Microsoft Windows “File Explorer”  “Tool”  “Connect to Network Drive” to connect to this Network directory as a personal network virtual drive. You will be able to copy your important data into the drive. And the data at the drive will have backup according to the predefined backup schedule. This way, it will protect your important data from being lost.

If the backup host does have two hard drives, the directory /backup0 will be configured to be the mount point of 2nd hard drive of the system. All the above-mentioned functions will remain the same.