• Quick Installation Guide
  • Step by Step
  • Admin User Guide
01. Introduction
02. Hardware Requirement
04. System Configuration
05. Recover System via RAID
06. FAQ

Acquiring the Software

There are many ways to get a copy of the Azblink Technology. You might obtain from Azblink distributor or system integrator, or http://www.azblink.com or hardware bundle. If you download the program from Azblink official web, you should create an ISO CD first; some CD burner programs are with “data mode” – you should avoid using that while burning an ISO image because the system will not be installed in this way. ISO images can be loaded into several different CD recording software packages such AS Nero 6, and Roxio Disc creator.

Before you use CD to install software into hard drive, you have to make sure that the BIOS setup will boot the machine from CD drive. The following is a sample BIOS screen snapshot that shows how to set up the “Boot from CD ROM”.

Please note that all the content on the hard drive(s) will be removed, and the hard disk will be re-formatted once you start the installation program from CD. If you have important data on the hard drive(s), please have extra copy of your data in other place.

Install System with the Selected Mode

The Azblink AzOS by default will be installed into the first hard drive. If you have two hard disks and you install AzOS into the 2nd hard drive, the system might not work properly – it depends on whether your BIOS allows the PC to boot from secondary devices or not. Sometimes, even you have only one hard disk, but for some reasons, the hard disk has not been physical connected (the hard drive cable) or configured as the first hard drive. After the system finishes installation, it would not work properly either. At this moment, it is suggested to open the hardware box to check the hard disk cable and hard disk jumper setting to make sure the hard disk are configured correctly as the first hard disk of the system. Normally, by cleaning up all these possible causes and re-install the software again, the system will run correctly without problems.

It is also the best timing to test the hardware and software compatibility. During the software installation process, the system will check if the hard disk has any error. Most of the errors are caused by the hard disk mal-function. Frequently, you might see error message like DMA writing error while data is written on to the hard disk. By knowing the error, you might want to change a new hard disk to re-install the system again.

Furthermore, some BIOS programs will allow you to change the configuration while detecting error to see if the boot process should be stopped or not. For example, if keyboard or monitor is not connected, the PC might not boot up by itself when you ask BIOS to do so. You might ask BIOS to ignore those errors when you have the system stable and set up completely.

Normally, you need to connect one end of network cable into the machine’s Ethernet port and the other end to the Ethernet switch. Then, make sure the power supply is ready. The installation process will go on automatically after you turn on the power when CD is in position before boot process.

The software comes with two installation options. The first option is to install the system with Raid1 (disk mirroring) configuration. In other words, two hard disks will mirror each other: the requirement of the system is to have two hard disks with the exactly identical specification on hard disk geometry ( identified by Heads, Cylinders, Sectors, and sector size ). This installation option can be initiated by answering “No” at the first screen prompt during the installation process. Then, at the console mode, you can type the command at the system prompt:

#sohoraid

After that, just keep on answering “yes” to all the prompt screens. The Azblink AzOS and AzOS will be installed completely into the host. If your computer comes with two IDE interface hard disks, it is better to install them separately into the two IDE Bus Master. This way, it will improve the system performance a little bit by the better hard disk I/O.

The 2nd option is to install the system without mirroring: No matter how many hard disks you have in the machine, you should just answer “Yes” to all the screen prompts. The system will install Azblink AzOS and AzOS into the target host. Right after the software installation is finished (you will see an installation progress bar with meter reaches 100%), please remember to take the CD from the CD drive, and then press “reset” button (generally it is located closely to the power button of the machine.) to reboot the machine. Up to this moment, the software has been completely installed into the target machine.

First Login Page

Generally we use port80 for browsing web pages, but here port80 is used by Virtual Host, we create another port for admin side. Before you setup the website, the system default setting will direct the website url to Azblink Technology Website, to enter the admin page, please use port8082.

There are two ways to set up the system, first is setting with static IP (DHCP server already exists in the local area network), second is setting with Dynamic IP(PPPoE or Cable).

And there are two types of static IP: Public IP & Private IP.

You can purchase the public IP from ISP; Private IP refers to connectivity into a private extranet network which by its design emulates the functioning of the Internet.

If DHCP server exists in the local area network, the DHCP server will assign IP to the new installed AzOS server, or you can manually setup static local IP for the new server. After you reboot the newly configured host, at another PC browser’s address bar, enter the IP address of the server (for example: http://192.168.1.61:8082/apps/), you will be able to visit the newly installed server by the web browser. After that, you can configure the system via Web interface.

If there is no DHCP server inside the local network, you can simply use the PC browser (such as IE and Firefox), by typing “ http://azstart:8082” at the browser address bar, you will be able to access the AzOS service page.

On the console from the startup, you can use the arrow keys to select the option to do more setting.

Use option 1, 2, 3 to setup the static IP, then select option 4 to save changes and exit, eject the CD from the machine, click on the reset button to reboot the machine.

Use option 6 to use DHCP by default to get the IP address automatically assigned by new installed server, or get the IP from PPPoE, after eject the CD and reboot the machine, you can continue the setting process by using PC which is in the same local network(subnet).

When you visit the setup page at very first time, the system will ask you to change the administrator’s password. It is mainly for security reason (default administrator name: admin password: admin123). Please note that the password should be composed of 8 characters with a mixture of English letters a-zA-z, numbers 0-9, and special characters !@#$%^&* .

Up to this point, if you still have problems to connect to your server via your PC, perhaps your PC needs to release the old IP and then updates to a new IP. Please using the Window prompt mode (Start-> run-> type “cmd” and press enter) and type “ipconfig /release” to get your new assigned IP.

There could be another situation that you can't release the IP by typing any command, this might happen when you already set a fixed private IP. Go to Windows PC ->‘Control Panel’-> ‘Network Connections’->‘Local Area Connection’->‘Properties’->‘General’-> Internet Protocol(TCP/IP), click ‘Properties’, choose「Obtain an IP address automatically」.)

Set up Internet Connection

The very first screen that you should use is the System/Setup/Locale screen page. There are 3 major items on this screen: Time Zone, Language Setting, and Local time setting. In the Time Zone selection box, it provides many ways to allow you to specify the time zone area where the server is located, like area/country or the hours apart from GMT, and so on.

For Local time setting, please note: once you modify the system time improperly, some functions in the server using the timestamp may behave abnormally. For example, file A shall be created before file B and some programs might check the timestamp of file A is “earlier” than file B. Unfortunately, if you modify the time of the server such that file B is created “earlier” than file A, then the system might behave not as it is expected.

Language setting here is to specify the language used in the display text. In other words, if you choose a language and set it here, next time when any user uses the system, he/she will see the operation menus displayed in the language you specify here. However, each user still has the chance to change the display text at the moment of login.

After time and language setting, you may need to set up your Internet connection. By applying a static IP address and domain name for your server you will be able to do so. Or, you can configure your server by using the private fixed IP address. Many powerful services like Email and VPN will not work without static IP.

You need to obtain public IP address from your ISP (Internet Service Provider). We will use 61.218.89.123 as an example to demonstrate the setting at below:

Auto Setup: Click the button if you use DHCP to obtain IP address.
IP Address: 61.218.89.123
Netmask: 255.255.255.0. You should type exactly the same as your ISP provides to you. Improper setting on netmask will cause the failure of network connection.
Default Gateway: You need ask your ISP for default gateway IP address.
Domain Name: Fill in your domain your purchase from domain name vendors
DNS Server: Major ISP around the world provides DNS service. You can ask your ISP to provide this information...
DNS Server 2: In case of the major DNS failure, we recommend you to fill other DNS server IP here.
Host Name: Please input your preferred name for this newly installed AzOS server.

If you would like to use PPPoE, the PPPoE account and Password are provided by your local ISP. Usually, the default MTU Setting will not need to be changed unless you are notified to have different setting.

Activation

On the page, the system will display a line of activation code. It is used to obtain the software license file. You can just use mouse to select the whole line of code, and right click mouse to make a copy. If you not yet an Azblink Technology Member, please click link to register. After registration, you can login to the "Customer Support Resources", then post the activation code(shown below) to obtain the license file(.tgz).

By submitting the service you would like to choose on the web page, you will get a file that contains the activation code. You should just save the download file in your local PC. And go back to System/ Setup/ Activation page again to submit the license file you obtain.

Then click on the green "logout" button, you'll have all functions activated in the system.

If you are using trial license, then, after a period of time, the provided service will be closed. And you will be only allowed to access some portion of Web interface.  In the trial expires, you can visit our website again http://www.azblink.com, to download the latest updates, or try to extend the purchase of the relevant technical services. You have to be the same as the opening of the trial in accordance with the same steps to enable the use of authorized software, so that the full completion of the entire trial process.

Ready?

Only when you can connection the machine via Web browser, then you use console mode to access the machine. Unless you know what you are doing, do not use console to configure the system. Although Azblink’s system is based on Linux, it does not follow the way you see on other Linux-based system for software configuration on console mode.

To add new users to the system, you can visit the System → User → Users .

While you are adding user, please notice that the user login ID only allows the alphanumeric characters (like 0-9, a-z, !@#$%^&*()~) and it is forbidden to use non-ASCII characters for password.

Please be aware: the user accounts created from the Web interface will not be able to login into the system via “telnet” or through “ssh” program. Azblink AzOS is based on the Linux environment, means that the system has two administration accounts (the web-based administration service and OS administration service). Before you have modified the web-based administration password, we recommend you to change the OS administration password through the Web based interface, i.e. to change the “root” password to protect your system from being cracked. Again, please notice that the password shall be composed within 8 characters with a mixture of characters, numbers and special characters.

More about AzOS

The graph above is for a generic office environment for network connection.
An extra note here: you must shut down the system properly, otherwise, it might cause damage on your file system if the system is in busy state. You can use Console mode command to reboot your server:

#sync; sync; sync; reboot

Or, Use Console mode command to shut down your server:
#shutdown –h now

Basic Web Setting

After the system installation be finished, take the CD out, reboot the machine, and then start the basic network setting for the system.

There are two modes to configure the host, one is console mode on the local host, and the other is Web interface mode on Client. You can choose the one you like or just by the network environment of that time.

Console Mode --- configure on local host

A. Input account and password to login into console configuration interface.

 login:reset
 Password:root123

B. You will see 7 options after login in

 1. IP Address:192.168.19.185
 2. Netmask:255.255.255.0
 3. Default Gateway:192.168.19.1
 4. Save and Reboot
 5. Reset to CD setting (DHCP) and Reboot
 6. View Current Active Values
 7. Exit without Saveing Changes

C. Is there any fixed ip ready for configuration?

  Yes, type fixed IP address, Netmask and Default Gateway into option 1.2.3. severally. You can use up
  and down arrow to choose the option who needs edit, and then press enter to configure. After option 1.2.3
  be correctly configured, you can use option 4 to save these changes and reboot the machine. (If you have
  no idea about the Netmask and Default Gateway, you can just refer to the Completion List provided by your
  ISP.)

  No, if there is a DHCP server providing the IP assignment services in your network, you can just use option6
  to check the IP address assigned by the system. After checking eth0, please write down the IP address, and
  remember to use option 7 to quit the Console interface.

D. By the IP address you set or the one obtained from DHCP, you can view the configuration page of the
   system host via Web browser on remote Client.

※ DHCP server exists in your network, but if you find eth0 shown as IP 1.2.3.4 when you check current system value, please check if your network cables plug into wrong place (eh0 and eth1 may been exchanged), or if there are some problems on other equipments. (Refer to Q&A in the manual)


Web interface Mode --- configure at sub-network

A. Is the host, which you installed system on, connected by other hosts?

  Yes, please confirm the host is the only DHCP sever (that is to say the network should not have other
  DHCP servers, e.g. IP distributor), and then start from C.

  No, please complete basic network configuration according to B’s instruction.

B. A network cable makes host’s eth1 port and the Hub connected. And use another cable to connect to
  Hub, let the other end of this cable link to a common Client computer.

C. Choose one Client computer from the sub-network which connected to the system host.

D. Open command prompt on the Client (suppose it’s a Windows machine), type “ipconfig” and then press
 “Enter” button, check whether the Default Gateway is 172.16.9.1 or not?

  Yes, just close the command prompt, enter into next step.

  No, type “ipconfig/release” to release the old IP in your computer, and then type “ipconfig/renew” to get
  new assigned IP.
  (If you are still unable to obtain new IP, please check if the network has other DHCP sever or not, or maybe
  TCP/IP of this Client does not use the mode of “Obtain an IP Address Automatically”.)

E. Open your Browser, and type http://172.16.9.1 at the address bar to link. When you visit the page at the
  first time, you will see 4 items;

  Host Name:Please set Host Name for this host.
  Admin Password:Default password is admin123.
  New Admin Password:Please set new password.
  Confirm Password:Please confirm your new password.

F. After you enter into system page, go to System>>Network, choose Internet or PPPoE depending on the
 situation.

  Choose Internet. At the Internet Interface, mostly, you should set the values for IP address / Netmask /
  Default Gateway and then submit, restart your machine and you will find it already connected to Internet.

  Choose PPPoE. If you use PPPoE, remember to check the checkbox of “Turn on PPPoE”. Fill in the account
  and password provided by ISP and submit, reboot your computer, then you can connect to the network.
  (Please refer to the sections of Configuration and Q&A in Quick Installation Guide if you have any questions.)

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The Presence of the Running Machine on the Internet

Everything has a start, and has an end.

Deploying a server over the Internet is different from setting up a local server without being revealed to outside people. For a server to be unknown on the Internet by fully-qualified hostname, it requires some registration processes. Furthermore, since the server is known to the public, some security measures should have been taken to avoid the abuse of the server.

This package includes basic elements for network operation, for example, DNS, FTP, firewall, backup storage server, VPN (Virtual Private Network) and Email .

We start from the introduction on Domain name registration with the following diagram:

1. Purchase domain name from the “vendor for domain name registration”

The “Domain Name Registration Vendor” usually will provide a Web interface for you to query your desired domain name. You may find some of the domain names you like have been acquired by other people. It is necessary for you need to find a domain name that is not being occupied. And then make the purchase of the domain name from the “Domain Name Registration Vendor” to complete this step.

2. Purchase Internet bandwidth and obtain “static” IP addresses from your local ISP (internet service provider).

Usually, the ISP will give you a set of IP addresses that may include a list of public IP addresses, the netmask, and the default Gateway. This IP information will be used when you install the software and configure your server. You shall keep the information in a safe place once you obtain that from your ISP.

3. Find a legitimate “DNS host provider”

It is to host your domain name (which you get from step 2) and the associated static IP address (which you get from step 3) record so that everybody on Internet can use your domain name to reach your server. Usually, the “DNS host provider” will provide a Web interface to allow you to input your domain name and the mapped IP address record into their hosted server. This step is completed after you have entered the data into the web page.

4. Update the record at the “Domain Name Registration Vendor” server with the IP addresses of the “DNS host provider”.

At this step, you need to access the website provided by “Domain Name Registration Vendor”. If you do not know the DNS server’s IP addresses of your “DNS host provider”, you can do as follows at your Windows command prompt (the command prompt is reached through Start > Run > cmd), issue the command

  C:\>nslookup DNS-server- name-from-your-provider

The system will respond with the IP address of your “DNS host provider”. Usually, you need to find two IP addresses of the two DNS servers provided by “DNS host provider” (one is called primary DNS host server, the other is secondary DNS host server). The two IP addresses will be entered into the record in the place of “Domain Name Registration Vendor”. We suggest using primary DNS server and secondary server from different places. The Azblink server package also provides DNS server. But to allow people all over the world can query your domain, you should have your domain name placed in different DNS servers to alleviate the load.

5. Wait until it is in effect.

In general, it needs 24 hours to 72 hours to have your domain name record of the server populated across the world so that people can use domain name to access your server.
Those are the general steps as long as you want to have your own private server(s) on Internet.

Hardware Requirement

X86-compliant hardware

Nowadays, this kind of application would not need computation power like large-scaled scientific research projects. Most of the constraints come from input/output operations from one device to another device. So, instead of choosing powerful machines, we suggest using reliable ones.

Hardware with Ethernet interface(s):

If you would like to put the server inside a firewall, it only needs one Ethernet interface on that machine. To use firewall on the same machine, it needs two Ethernet interfaces.

Uninterrupted Power System

For the sake of system stability, we recommend to equip the server with mini UPS (Uninterrupted Power System) to protect the server from sudden power outage. Power outage or power surge would damage some components. To protect the investment, it is a good choice to have UPS ready.

Switch/Hub

Switch or hub bridges traffic from each host and each host is responsible for collision detection and retransmission. If your network environment has more PCs that can not be plugged into one hub or switch, an additional Ethernet switch shall be used to expand the connectivity.

Wireless Router (Recommended, but not necessary)

Wireless router or wireless access point becomes popular in office and home environment. This device can deliver data just like a wired Ethernet, and provide an efficient solution for people with mobile computers. It should be noticed to deploy wireless access point by avoiding IP address conflict.

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